I recently upgraded my Buffalo WHR-HP-G54 to an ASUS RT-N16 as I needed gigabit ethernet; and usb ports + wifi N are all welcoming upgrades to the aging buffalo. As an inevitability, I installed TomatoUSB and plugged in a 4GB USB stick. Now, TomatoUSB itself is a very good system with loads of features but you can extend even more by adding Optware. I will not go into the installation as there already is a very good guide to follow.
Once you have the USB stick mounted and Optware up and running, you can do lots of nifty things. For example, I installed zsh, screen, vim and a whole bunch of other essential stuff. A few examples can be found here.
One particular interest I had when found out about optware was the extension of tomato’s visual bandwidth log graphs. I said extension because the original one comes with tomato has a max 24 hour window. However, occasionally I want to see what happened in the previous week or even month. So first, I thought of rrdtool and rrdgraph. Now rrdtool is a good database for this purpose, however rrdgraph proved to be too resource intensive for the little cpu.
So I searched around and found dygraphs. This is a perfect solution as all you need is to feed the data in csv format and the graphing would be done on the client’s browser. Have a look at my example here (1 week window), you can click&drag the cursor to zoom in and double click to zoom out.
Cool? If you’re interested, let’s start. Assuming you already have a persistent storage (jffs,usb/sd card, etc.) setup at
/opt, first, ssh to your router, then:
# ipkg update
# ipkg install perl rrdtool
# wget http://zecoj.com/files/bwg/rrdtool.txt -O /opt/bin/rrdtool.sh
# chmod +x
# cru a bwlog "*/1 * * * * /opt/bin/rrdtool.sh"
That will install rrdtool, perl and download my rrdtool collector script, put it in the crontab to be executed every 1 minute. Now, create a directory somewhere in your
/opt to store the necessary files, mine is at
# wget http://zecoj.com/files/bwg/bandwidth.txt -O bandwidth.cgi
# chmod 755 bandwidth.cgi
# wget http://zecoj.com/files/bwg/dygraph-combined.js
# chmod 644
# rm -rf /tmp/var/wwwext/cgi-bin
# ln -s /opt/share/www/cgi-bin /tmp/var/wwwext/.
You should also append the these into
/opt/.autorun. This will tell tomato to run these command right after mounting my usb stick.
# echo '
cru a bwlog "*/1 * * * * /opt/bin/rrdtool.sh"'
# echo 'rm -rf /tmp/var/wwwext/cgi-bin' >> /opt/.autorun
# echo '
ln -s /opt/share/www/cgi-bin /tmp/var/wwwext/.'
What just happened is we got the files we need, save them somewhere that will not disappear as the router restart, link them to the router’s cgi-bin directory. Now, assuming the router’s ip is
192.168.0.1, you can test everything by going to: http://192.168.0.1/ext/cgi-bin/bandwidth.cgi there you should already see a few data points collected by rrdtool.sh earlier. Download some big files, leave it running for a while (the page will auto refresh every minute) and you should see more pretty data come up :)